Meditation (Skt. ध्यान, dhyāna)
is long-term focus of attention, maintaining the single-pointed consciousness on an object.
In dhyana the one seeks to calm the mind so that everything, that suppresses absolute consciousness, would disappear.
is a formula of sacred sounds, the power of spiritual energy, which clears up and refines the consciousness of the one repeating it. Mantra of the yogic tradition is a means of transforming and mastering oneself, a way of spiritual development that allows one to move up to the higher levels of existence. The power of mantra is passed on directly from the Guru to a disciple. Otherwise it is inaffective.
is regulation, control of breathing. Pranajama practice accumulates the resources of vital energy. Its main purpose is to regulate the bodily functions and make them compatible with cosmic rhythms. The breathing practice harmonises and stabilises processes in the body, helps to relieve tension and avoid many illnesses, calms down the thoughts, provides emotional stability and assists with control of behaviour.
Shatkarmas (Skt. षट्कर्मन्, ṣaṭkarman) and diet
are yogic practices that cleanse the body from accumulated slag and toxins. These practices enhance physical health and restore the balance of bodily functions.
A yoga practitioner’s diet should be moderate, the food should be light and adjusted to natural environment, one’s age, illnesses and genetics.
is the salutation to the Sun and the worshipping of everything it represents at the macro and micro cosmic levels.